Browsing: Autism

Autism and Communication Difficulties

Autism Spectrum Disorder is a very wide-ranging developmental disorder that defies easy description and explanation. It is most broadly defined as a condition where children have some delay in developing the skills that allow them to be social and communicate with others, or even can not noticeably present these skills at all.

Currently, there are not any medical tests that can diagnoseose autism. Usually a specially trained physician or psychologists administrator autism-specific behavioral evaluations.

Often parents are the first to notice that their child is showing unusual behaviors such as failing to make eye contact, not responding to his or her name or playing with toys in unusual, repetitive ways.

Autism is not only found in children and sometimes the disorder is diagnosed later in life. This again is often in relation to learning, social or emotional difficulties. Like with young children, the diagnosis of adolescents and adults involves observation and sometimes an interview by a trained specialist. A diagnosis in an older person can bring relief to those who have struggled with difficulties with social interaction while not understanding the source of these difficulties. Once diagnosed with the disorder, it can also open access to therapies that can improve function in areas of difficulty and in turn improve the quality of relations and life.

One of the ways that many people have actively bought treatment for their child or adolescent is through a Speech Pathologist.

When a Speech Pathologist is assisting a patient with Autism Spectrum Disorder, it's their job to evaluate how well the child can communicate and socialize in every aspect. This analysis can take place at a clinic, as well as at home and other informal settings. It's not a quick process, as Autism Spectrum Disorder can have such varying degrees of intensity and presentation in a patient. A well-trained and experienced Speech Pathologist can gauge communicative and language skills effectively and will work to have a diagnosis as quickly as they can.

A Speech Pathologist can also pick up on social cues that suggest the presence of Autism Spectrum Disorder but could be misdiagnosed as a variety of other conditions. The prevalence of language and communication-based difficulties in the condition means that a good Speech Pathologist is well-equipped to 'connect the dots' and draw conclusions based on their required professional expertise.

The amount of sessions that one may need will vary, and it is always important to find the right person for treatment.

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Should Suspected Autistic Infants Be Given Iron Supplements?

You may not realize it but one in 88 children who are born in the United States now have autism. One mother told me that if this were any other medical issue or a disease, people would have outraged, and demand more research trying to figure out how to stop it, what causes it, or how to prevent it. Yes, I agree with her. Further, there are so many theories as to what causes it, or if it is just another evolutionary step for humanness, as our biological system works out the details as our brains are required to do more to survive, and to ensure that humans procreate in the future.

If there are smarter people having more babies because they can afford to, and people who are less intelligent having fewer babies because they can not economically afford them, then we have a dynamic shift in who gets born to which families. If those families which have intelligent mothers and fathers have more complex brain biological features, then perhaps this could be an evolutionary issue, one that can be disrupted by other problems such as environmental issues, or perhaps those brains need more in the way of certain types of nourishments as they are forming.

Of course, there are enough theories behind all of this speculation that it could drive someone nuts just plutting and all, but when you chart out all the different theories, it seems they do have at least some common themes. Recently there was a meeting of international researchers in Spain, a conference on autism.

After which, there was an interesting article in the Wall Street Journal recently titled; “Autism linked to Environmental Factors – New Studies of Air Pollution, Pesticides and Iron Bolster Evidence Tying Developmental Does Order to Influence His in Womb,” by Shirley S Wang. The article stated other things that; “one presentation suggested that iron supplements before an early in pregnancy may lower the risk, and a third suggested some association between use of various household insecticides and a higher risk of autism.”

Sure, all of this does make sense because autism is caused by a change in brain formation and development. Of course, after the child is born the brain is still developing, so is there a way to make up for it, or some of it, and if so so if we get on iron supplements to those children after they were born if they were suspected to have autism? Do our baby foods lack iron? Does mother's milk lack it due to diets? What causes a lack of iron?

These are questions I dare to ask, and I think we need more studying here. Since the US government is funding more brain research, how about it? How much would cost to do the study?

There are some mothers who are already giving supplements to their children, including iron supplements, or have them on specific diets which may contain more iron than other types of diets. It's just a matter of looking at statistics. Well, I hate to add more speculation and theories to all those already presented, but I wonder if anyone knows the answers to the questions I proposed this article. Please consider all this and think on it.

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Organizations for Autism and Their Motto

Autistic children and adults face constant barriers in experiencing the joys of regular activities that individuals normally enjoy. It has been observed that such barriers are more of a societal imperposition rather than personal decision. Organizations for autism function with the intent of integrating such children and adults with special abilities with the larger society by way of successful inclusion.

Numerous testimonies have certified the fact that the inclusion of autistic individuals in group activities is a rewarding experience indeed. For instance, organizers of summer camps have attested that even though there was skepticism in the initial stages of organization, the consequent stages of interaction with autistic individuals changed everyone for the better. These individuals offer a different world view, and are an inspiration to many for their power of perseverance, and determination to overcome obstacles.

Organizations for autism strive to help autistic individuals to find a place for themselves in society. The process demands both patience and preparation. The primary demons that need to be exhumed are the fear of unknown, and negative attitudes. Fear is the natural reaction to things that defy knowledge and logic, and so is the case with autism. Many times, it is seen that care-makers and teachers are plagued by doubt about the effectiveness of developing a different curriculum for children with special needs. On the other hand, autistic individuals feel compromised by their ability to adjust and learn quickly. Collective organizations for autism are primarily formed with the intent of spreading knowledge and awareness among the larger society, so that both the society and the autistic person can overcome personal fear and make an attempt to accommodate each other.

Let us look at the ways in which various organizations attempt to fulfill their promise of societal integration.

  • The mission statement: This is the most important part of the campaign. The mission statement defines the organization's philosophy, and clearly expresses the desire for all-inclusive, productive growth. People looking for autism organizations read the mission statement and debate wherever the statement claims to be all-inclusive, or aims at catering to individuals with particular needs only. The most successful organizations are those that cater to every single child, in an attempt to integrate autistic children with the larger society.
  • Admission policies: Stringent admission policies are often a deterrent. Therefore, autism organizations frame their policies in such a way that exceptions can be made for children with special needs. For instance, autistic children benefit greatly by trying to undertake swimming lessons, as the exercise is helpful for improving their motor capabilities. Yet, a lot of them will not be able to participate in the activity in the absence of life vests. If the admission policies are lenient and pliant, then life vests will be made acceptable and available for children who need them. Organizations that are willing to be accommodating attract larger crowds compared to those that are very strict with their admission policies.

Organizations for autism aim at helping autistic children to grow and develop their mental and societal skills so that they can become self-reliant and productive individuals. The only way to achieve this is to attempt and realize mutual understanding and cooperation between the autistic individuals and the larger society as a whole. These organizations not only spread awareness, but also thrive towards a larger societal integration.

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Some Benefits Of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy, commonly abbreviated as HBOT is a non-invasive procedure in which patients are administrated pure oxygen under higher pressure meters. While “hyper” stands for heightened, the term “baric” is related to pressure. Put together, hyperbaric simply means the inhalation of oxygen under higher atmospheric pressures.

HBOT is generally conductive in acrylic bed chambers where the patients are instructed to lie in a supine position. The pressure is gradually increased by the administration of oxygen from pipes that are attached to the compartment. Patients may experience some discomfort in their ears as long as the fluctuating pressure levels do not stabilize. To minimize such feelings of discomfiture, accessories such as cotton balls or ear plugs can also be used.

There are two kinds of HBOT therapy: mild and hard. Mild HBOT therapy is that which in the atmospheric pressure of oxygen within the chamber varies between 1.3 to 1.5 ATA. In hard HBOT therapy, the scales range between 1.5 to 2.0 ATA. According to the traditional definition of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy, oxygen had to be administrated at a full 100% to qualify for the label. However, such demarcations have changed over the years. Currently, scientists argue that since ambient air contains 21% oxygen, any percentage that is higher than that qualifies as HBOT therapy. Whatever, be the case, the therapy has been beneficial for a number of reasons as stated below.

  • HBOT therapy saturates body fluids and blood with oxygen, making it's content multiply by almost six times. With the increased availability of oxygen to the cells and tissues, they are activated into an actively functional mode, that is, they are no longer sedentary in their existence, thriving for the want of maintenance. Hyper-oxygenated cells function optimally, without needlessly spending too much of cellular energy.
  • This therapy improves oxygen supply to the cranial cavity and brain cells, thereby triggering them into an active mode. This procedure has proven to be extremely effective for the treatment of cerebral hypoperfusion and neuroinflammational tendencies in autistic children and adults. HBOT assists in cellular metabolism and the production vital glucose, which in turn, leads to the formulation and generation of neurotransmitters. These transmitters play an important role in the effective functioning of the brain.
  • This therapy stimulates the production of stem cells which play an important role in repairing the damaged cells and tissues.
  • HBOT also accelerates the growth of new blood vessels, which only result in better supply of blood and oxygen to the different parts of the body. New capillaries also ensure better circulation of drugs and medicines to the tissues and muscles, and improves the body's ability to fight the harmful effects of micro-organisms.
  • Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy also helps in the production of collagen and the generation of new skin.
  • There are enzymatic and molecular changes, and the body's defensive capacity is improved. With regular therapy, white blood corpuscles improve in their ability to fight bacteria and other foreign bodies like fungi, waste by-products and dead cells.
  • Research has shown that HBOT therapy helps to increase the body's capacity of producing glutathione by almost 15%.
  • It is also beneficial for repairing the damage underone by cells and tissues requiring to radiation therapy.
  • The extra supply of oxygen to the brain also helps to mitigate the poisonous effect of carbon monoxide.
  • It is effective for treating patients with gas gangrene, as it helps in annihilating certain types of anaerobic bacterial growths.

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is beneficial for treating a number of conditions like autism, stroke, cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer's disease, air embolism, arthritis, gas gangrene, carbon monoxide poisoning, in short, from a number of debilitating conditions that result due to the paucity of oxygen supply. With the improved supply and circulation of oxygen, patients can enjoy better health conditions and lifestyle patterns.

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Kinds of Options Available With Autism Services

Autism is a disorder that affects neural development in an individual. There are several different kinds of development condition such as non-verbal and verbal communication, restricted interests, and repetitive behaviors. If a child has autism, the symptoms become clearly visible before he / she reaches three years of age. Autism is usually a genetic disorder where there are no known treatments for. But early diagnosis along with medical help can definitely enhance communication skills and self-care in children. Although the disorder is not completely eliminated from the child, autism services can help in overcoming symptoms and facilitating normal development of a child.

Language and speech therapy, behavior analysis, physical therapy, as well as occupational and music therapy are the services offered for children with autism. Each of these services they design to meet the specific needs of a child, and concentrates on improving the child's quality of life. Such services they aim to inculcate social care, education, and employment. They involve educating as well as developing people with autism, helping them with finding employment, keeping their jobs, and offering support through community help.

Medications form a major part of the treatment provided by autism services. This involves the indirect or direct consumption of prescribed chemical drugs or supplements. The chemical substances that are used help in the diagnosis, treatment, prevention, or cure of the disorder. In addition to the intake of medicines, alternative measures such as pet therapies, natural medicines, and physiotherapists are also core ways for those with autism. Again, they design these therapies based on the physiological requirements of a child who has been affected by autism. Nutritional hormones and supplements along with proper diets are also very important, and are often used as alternative or complementary medicines.

Developmental and they use behavioral therapies in diversity and large ranges, and are among the most important services offered to those affected by autism. Coaching provided by teachers, parents, and therapists help in instilling behavioral changes necessary to avoid the symptoms of autism. Developmental therapies aim at the core disabilities in an affected child and try to ease improvements in those departments. Psychotherapeutic treatment is also a critical service where the affected child learns and thoroughly understands his / her worries difficulties, motivations, and abilities. A therapist usually communicates with the child and helps him come to terms with his abilities and shortcomings.

With different options available to cut the symptoms of autism, you no longer have to worry about your child's future. Early diagnosis of the disorder will make sure that your child is given enough medical and therapeutic attention to lead a normal life.

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How Massage Can Help You and Your Child With Autism

The recent CDC statistics that were released show that 1 in 50 children have Autism Spectrum disorder! This is an alarming increase from the last CDC statistics that estimated closer to 1 in 80. he CDC found more children above the age of 7 (above the age of normal diagnosis) which may account for the higher statistics. With the upcoming combination of what historically has been several types of Autism into one encompassing Autism Spectrum Disorder or ASD it creates a need for possibilities of treatment for the wide range of ages and symptoms with children diagnosed with ASD.

Massage is a great treatment option as it is not only low cost but helps facilitate and nurture a stronger bond between child and parent. The many benefits that may come from using massage are: improvements were seen in sleep patterns, on-task behavior, parent and child communication, increased positive responses to being touched, positive social interaction, motor skills, sensory function, language function, and general health. There are a lot of scientific data that backs up all of the benefits but results can still vary on each individual child ..

Sleeping is a monumental issue with children of all ages, and something that parents can attest to after a long night of walking their child back to their room! A study done the use of touch to multiple families with ASD children, not only did the parents feel more in control and closer after the Touch training was done but also gained the perception by parents of the children as having improved sleep patterns, children were more relaxed after receiving the massage and appeared more open to touch1.

Children with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) can often have trouble with attention behaviors which affect development of social interactions and relationships with others. In a study aimed at exploring how aromatherapy massage could increase shared attention behaviors, Steve Solomons, assistant head teacher at Rectory Paddock School and Research Unit in London set out to explore these issues. The children's responses were observed through the introduction of Aromatherapy. The results indicate that the children's shared attention behaviors increased during aromatherapy massage and other positive behavioral changes2.

Alternately, standardized tests showed a decrease in common autistic behaviors, improvement in motor skills, sensory function, general health and language development in children. Using medical Qigong massage twice weekly from the physician and adding in daily massage from parents for a five week period created these results.

Multiple studies have shown that through the use of massage, children with ASD have seen improvements in wandering, more time showing on-task behavior, less time showing negative responses to being touched, and less time resisting the teacher than those in the control group4. Others reaffirm the use of massage as a way to improve social relatedness behavior during play observations at school, and fewer sleep problems at home5.

With all of the documented reasons why to start massaging there are some considerations to keep in mind. Similar to any medical treatment, consultation and guidance of a healthcare provider is a necessity! Important things to remember when massing your child is to always ask the permission, keeping the child involved is key, additionally adjusting and adapting your massage strokes for your child taking care and caution, making eye contact and continuously using verbal and visual ques during the massage .

Copyright (c) 2013 Liddle Kidz Foundation Infant and Children's Pediatric Massage

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A Spiritual View of Autism – Part II

There are often questions concerning the cause of an emotional or physical condition that creates obvious and often intense limitations within a human life. And yet what is witnessed from the outside is often different than what is perceived from the inside for the one experiencing this limitation, and this is especially so when one considers things from the soul level of experience.

From this level, it may be seen that while the conscious self may experience shortcomings in perceiving things the way others do, or in sustaining attention, or in relating to others in ordinary ways, there are always benefits to the larger self that may go unnamed – benefits such as the person's relationship to life itself, to the sun shining or to the brightness of the day, and to the heart qualities that emanate both from within the self and from within others.

These benefits which often go unnamed are not incidental to the condition which creates external limitation. They are part of that condition, chosen by the soul before incarnating into a body in order that certain qualities of attention and perception will be emphasized during a particular lifetime.

The quality of perception of one who is deemed to be 'autistic' is not uniform, for individuals vary greatly along a continuum in terms of how they manifest and display certain characteristics relating to this. Never mindless, the sensitivity and even over-sensitivity to stimuli that is characteristic of many autistic persons has, as it converse side, the ability to feel deeply and to know things that others with more ordinary sensitivities might not be aware of. In this way, what appears as a problem of attention defic in ordinary situations is, at the same time, a spiritual expansion on the level of knowing and sensing.

One can not generalize about the spiritual learning that takes place within the context of those who fall into any diagnostic label, for that label pertains solely to the body and its functions as measured by science's capabilities at a particular point in time, and to the mental characteristics as evaluated by those who study mental functioning at a particular point in time. No such measurements can be taken of spiritual functioning, for this is beyond science's ability to measure, housing causal factors that emanate from higher planes that do not lend themselves to physical measurement or observation.

Yet the spiritual qualities that are chosen by the soul who manifests autism are suddenless very real, for they are part of the purpose for embodiment, and they form the heart and center of what that lifetime of experience is about, even in the presence of distortions and limits that seem to others to form the heart and center of what that lifetime is about. Such a path of limitation, in fact, can be chosen by souls who are well-advanced in their spiritual learning and in their desire to further their own spiritual progress, knowing, in advance, prior to taking birth, that this learning will be fostered by what appears on the physical plane to be great limitation.

One who is a partner, friend, parent, or child of one who is autistic, then, need never feel sorry for the condition that has been chosen in this way, even though the human limitations generated are very real, and even though the trade -off in spiritual terms seems not fully reallized. For the gains in spirit that are present are often very great, and the one who loses functioning in a particular way, even as a very young child, is obtaining something of immeasurable value both to the self in this lifetime and beyond.

Rather, it is important to foster and to nourish the spiritual qualities which are both qualities of the heart's love and qualities of perception that the one who is autistic manifests – to nourish these and to learn from these, for all who relate to these qualities are mean to be changed by them. Indeed, there is no situation within families or beyond in which the growth in spiritual perception or awareness in one is not meant to have a substantial and healing effect on the consciousness of others.

It is with this in mind that society itself needs to take a new look at what appear to be chronic conditions of limitation, both mental, emotional, and physical, and needs to seek through the engagement of intuition and through alignment with one's own larger self , what the particular gifts of a particular limitation might be. For it is these gifts that have been chosen by the individual soul to bring to the world, and it is these gifts that will flourish more as they are recognized by others.

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Factors That Result In Autism

Autism, also known as Autism Spectrum Disorder, or ASD, is a neurological developmental disorder that impairs the normal functioning ability of the brain. The typical disorders related to ASD are identified at different points of time, according to their severity. The typical symptoms of autism are difficult in non-verbal and verbal communication, repetitive and obsessive behavioral patterns, and difficulty in social interaction. Autism can also result in intellectual disability, compromised power of retention, inability to coordinate motor movements, and other health issues, such as gastrointestinal disorders and sleep deficiency. However, some children with autism are really gifted, and excel in a particular field, like music, art, mathematics, or visual skills.

The first signs of autism appear between the ages of two and three. Researchers and doctors have found many causes that may trigger this disability. In this article, I will talk of the various causes of autism.

Parents have reported a sharp regression in the growth of children following immunizations. While there are many who can give detailed reports of atavism following custody, there are yet other parents who say that their child diagnosed symptoms of autism even before any immunization. In rare cases, parents report swift retrogradations after a bout of illness, or the administration of antibiotics, or exposure to chemicals, for instance, after carpet cleaning, or pest control sessions. Although researchers, doctors and scientists have failed to draw the causal connection between these occurrences and autism, it is virtually never very important that parents' testimonials are taken into account.

There is a consensus regarding the impact of environmental factors and their power to trigger autism. It is seen that in the case of twins, if one child is autistic, then there is a high possibility that the other child will also be diagnosed with autism. On the other hand, it has also been observed that if a child has autism, then his / her identical twin, with the same genetic may not develop the debilitating symptoms of the condition. Whatever the case, it is important that environmental factors are considered before deciding on the course of treatment.

Recent researchers have revealed that the combination of cardinal biochemical abnormalities and environmental components together give rise to autism and other abnormalities including mitochondrial dysfunction, inflammation, oxidative stress, immune dysregulation, transsulfuration issues, toxicity and methylation problems.

Genetics And Autism
Officials at National Institutes of Health state that autistic children are genetically predisposed towards autism. However, the sharp rise in the number of children with autism (1 child in every 88 children is autistic) points to the fact that there is also an environmental instigation for the development and consequent manifestation of this disorder of the central nervous system.

Environmental Factors And Autism
In recent times, there has been a total disregard for the theory that holds parental practices as being responsible for autism. While mainstream scientists and doctors deny the potential of the toxic effect of vaccinations as being a cause that triggers autism, members of National Institutes of Health feel differently. They say that aggressive immunization schedules, coupled with the saturation of toxic adjuvants triggers autism in children who are genetically predisposed towards autoimmune disorders. This council believes that:

Vaccinations trigger and exacerbate the possibilities of autism in children who have a genetic predisposition towards autoimmune, immune and inflammatory conditions.

Other types of environmental factors can also result in the development of autism, and these include:
1. Pesticide Exposure: Scientists believe that the chemicals that are used to concoct a pesticide are harmful enough to trigger autism in children who are susceptible to it owed to their heredity.
2. Parental Age: Children who are conceived at an older age, that is above 40 are at a greater risk of developing autism than others who are conceivable between 20 to 29 years. Therefore, the age of the mother also plays a big role in the child's physical and mental health.
3. Pharmaceuticals: The exposure of an unborn child to toxins like thalidomide, valproic acid, and SSRI's in the mother's womb accelerates the possibilities of autism.
4. Freeway Proximity: Sustained researchers have claimed that children who are born to mothers living within 1000 feet of freeways run a greater risk of developing autism.
5. Limited Intake Of Prenatal Vitamin: Women whose intake of vitamin is rather scarce prior to, or during pregnancy, run the risk of giving birth to autistic children.

To conclude, it can be said that doctors and researchers have failed to reach a consensus regarding the definite causes of autism. To state it in the best possible way, it can be said that autism is caused by an effect of environmental factors on a genetically weak immune system that is susceptible to inflammations and injury.

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The Amazing Skills and Difficult Challenges of Children With ASD

I have always been amazed by the amazing abilities individuals with an Autism Spectrum Disorder have. Sometimes these gifts are hidden and I have to help parents dig for the treasure that lies within. Other times this extraordinary talent is obvious to all, which makes it easy for parents to nurture and cultivate.

Then there is another scenario – one where this skill, this aptitude, is forever present and threatening to interfere with other aspects of daily life. Here is such a situation that was presented to me recently:

“My grandson, 6-1 / 2, frequently plays 'computer games' in his head. He will fixate on one specific game, and will play it in his mind, complete with hand movements and sound effects, for extended periods of time. It is very hard to get him to 'turn it off', and since his voice level also increases when playing these games, it can be disturbing to others, especially if it is during school time. ', which means turning it down, and we also try to get his attention to distract him from playing games in his mind excessively as he completely withdraws into his own little world that way. ”

What an amazing visual brain! Yet, what a dilemma!

Maybe you can identify with this exceptional challenge. Have you discovered the unique and astonishing ability your child on the autism spectrum possesses? Does it occupy more time in the day than you would like?

Once discovered, how do you manage your child's remarkable gift (s) so that it does not hamper growth and development in other areas, such as social skill development? If your child's strong passion to use her unique skill over and over again is presenting a challenge to you, keep reading.

The caregiver mentioned here is justified with her concerns and I applaud her for proactively seeking guidance to prevent this behavior from becoming an obsession. To her credit, she is already employing two very effective strategies that I encourage parents to use in situations such as these – prompting and distraction.

It is important to feed any child's passion but balancing it with everything else that needs to be done and attended to is essential. Here are eight strategies to help you do this.

1. Expand your child's horizons. It is always good to broaden your child's focus beyond his or her immediate environment and interests because you never know when you will discover the key to unlock the special gift he or she has been blessed with. If your child's talent is already handsome, exposing him to the greater world can help you channel his amazing skill onto the most appropriate path. In the example above, it may make sense to introduce this child to the process of creating video. With such a visual talent this child could easily have a wonderful future as a software developer for video games. Beginning to explore the video game world and tapping his passion into the practical side of how video games are made could give this child something else to occupy his mind.

2. Use distraction. When you notice your child beginning to engage in a repetitive behavior give your child something to do or start a conversation. When we are bored, we all default into behaviors that we are not even conscious of doing. So just in case the trigger is boredom, get your child physically active – engage her in exercise or some other activity she can chose from. Sometimes just asking, “What are you thinking about?” will be enough to distract her and stop the behavior.

3. Create opportunities for social interaction. This is a great distraction tool and will help prevent the possibility of your child becoming isolated from peers. Children with ASD struggle enough with social skills and when a child's focus is too narrow, it becomes even more difficult to meet and make friends. Finding like-minded or other minded peers can be a challenge so take the time to explore social situations, groups, clubs, activities that will not only make your child hone his social skills but may introduce him to other interesting topics as well.

4. Pay attention. As the caregiver above points out, her grandson will easily withdraw into his own little world therefore she has to consciously keep her grandson from disappearing into his head too often. Paying attention to the default mode you may tend to fall into when your child is 'employed' and not demanding your attention is critical. When your child is requiring very little from you it is sometimes tempting to allow the behavior to continue. But, you must be careful not to allow your child to hyper-focus in any one direction. Remain hyper-vigilant and always asking yourself, “In what way is the behavior my child is engaging in right now helping her become the person I hope for her to be?”

5. Use realistic prompts. Prompts can be verbal and direct or nonverbal and indirect. Identify in advance, a variety of prompts that will help modify your child's behavior. Prompts should be taught ahead of time so the child understands what they mean. Direct, verbal prompts, are good to use when first addressing a behavior. Verbal prompts give direction and information that helps shape behavior. Parents should eventually move towards the non-verbal and less direct prompts in order to encourage dynamic thinking. Children with Autism ever need to become proficient problem solvers on their own. Encouraging your child when developmentally appropriate to have input into prompts will not only increase the likelihood that they will work, it will also help him become more self-directed. Gradually weaning to indirect, nonverbal prompts will hasten this process.

6. Be proactive. Seek to understand the function of these behaviors. It is important to remember that most of these are unconscious and they occur involuntarily to some degree, especially in the beginning. However, once a child realizes the rush or relief it brings to her senses and how it helps her cope it then becomes more intentional and easily gets reinforced into a habit. As long as it is deemed appropriate it can become a functional way to comfort and entertain one self but if it is seen as dysfunctional and not channelled in the right way it can easily spiral out of control. Ask what function this behavior is serving and see if you can introduce another activity – a more appropriate substitute – that will provide the same results.

7. Focus on your child's positive behaviors. Focusing on appropriate behaviors and explaining the function they serve and why they are acceptable can reinforce more of the same. “I like the way your hands are being quiet. It makes it easier for you to pay attention to what is going on around you.” Then the focus can turn to redirecting the appropriate behaviors and substituting them with more suitable outlets.

8. Schedule time for the behavior. No one can stop a behavior cold turkey, especially if it has been meeting a physical, psychological or sensory need and there is nothing much to replace it with. Schedule times and places through your child's day when she knows she will be able to engage in the behavior you are trying to modify. Allocating time for this behavior into your child's visual schedule will comfort her to know it is not completely banned and will also teach appropriate time and place. Think of it as a gradual weaning process – as you decrease engagement in the negative behavior you slowly increase exposure to a more positive substitute.

Helping your child utilize her passions, interests and talents in a productive way is a constant balancing act yet it does not have to be a struggle. Sometimes conscious paying attention to how these wonderful gifts impact her life is all that is needed to help keep her on track to becoming the amazing person she was meant to be.

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Medical ID Bracelets Can Provide Autism Awareness

There are times when it is necessary to have medical id bracelets, in order to smoothly resolve situations and in many cases, save lives. Having the proper information about a person's condition, can soothe or avert a catastrophe. Well, in the case of autism, the wearing of autism awareness bracelets can bring a lot of understanding to what is, or what could become an overwhelming situation for all involved.

People who have loved ones, who live their lives through the unique and varied perspective of autism, may or may not have considered having them wear autism id bracelets. Now, there is no blanket set of instructions for how to interact with a lost, distracted or even injured person with autism. Still, knowing that a person has this diagnosis can alert those who are trying to assist, that special care needs to be taken. Understanding that a person's reactions or interactions are likely to be quite unusual, will ease much of the confusion before it even gets under way.

Medical id bracelets are common place these days. Rarely is anyone taken aback about a diabetes bracelet, or even the use of medical alert bracelets. It is just that most people do not need to consider the use of this form of identification, for a condition like autism. Unfortunately, there can be a stigma associated with autism, but autism awareness bracelets are simply a way to deliver important information in emergency situations. These types of autism bracelets can even keep situations from escalating into emerging.

With autism id bracelets, new social situations can become less of a challenge. There will be less of a need to have to launch into detailed medical discourses and more of an avenue to just entirely experience new social outings. Life has plenty of challenges. When people have an altered view of the world at large, there can be a few more bumps in the road. Frustration can become the dominating state of mind for those affected by autism. It may be tough to fathom that something as small as autism awareness bracelets, could help to ease this issue. Still, think of how helpful the words “allergic to penicillin” have been. If a person with autism is wandering or ends up unescorted at a hospital, the people who are trying to help will at least be on alert for potentially different reactions to situations.

Knowledge is power. Autism id bracelets can help empower people in crisis situations. Autism awareness bracelets can help avert crisis situations. Misunderstandings and misdiagnosis have been at the root of many an unfortunate event. It is often best to present the situation as clearly as possible. There is no one size fits all interaction with those who have autism, but just giving that way the world is processed through their minds, means making adjustments in expectations and approaches. Any experience is an opportunity to learn and grow. The more that people interact with those who have different perspectives, the leader their horizons will become. Autism bracelets can help people better understand and therefore, accept one another.

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Research, Risks And Benefits Of HBOT Treatment In A Personal Hyperbaric Chamber

For more than forty years now, personal hyperbaric chambers have been used for the administration of hyperbaric oxygen therapy for treating a wide range of medical conditions, without adequate research and scientific validation of its safety or efficacy. Doctors and medical practitioners are highly skeptical about this therapeutic method. Hyperbaric Medical Society and The Undersea approves the use of personal hyperbaric chambers for the treatment of specific conditions as has been validated by medical research and papers. In such conditions, it is essential to start the treatment at the earliest possible stage following diagnosis.

Based on scientific evidences, some of the conditions that can be rated in personal hyperbaric chambers are:

Adjunctive Treatment
Refractory osteomyelitis.
Injury induced by radiation therapy.
Unnatural prolongation of the wound healing process.
Excessive blood loss caused by anemia.

HBOT treatment in personal hyperbaric chambers, as per research, is ineffective for the treatment of diseases like dementia and multiple sclerosis. The procedure is never used, despite the health risks that are involved. For other unproven conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, gastroduodenal ulcer, cirrhosis etc, the treatment should be induced only in situations where the clinical trial is well controlled.

Biochemical and Cellular benefits of HBOT Treatment In A Personal Hyperbaric Chamber

Promotes wound healing and angiogenesis.
Kills certain types of anaerobes.
Prevents the growth of Pseudomonas.
Prevents the production of the toxin- clostridial alpha.
Restores the bacterial killing process by neutrophil in hypoxic tissues.
In the case of reperfusion injury, it reduces the chances of leucocyte adhesion, thereby preventing the release of free radicals and proteases which can cause cellular damage and vasoconstriction.

Personal Hyperbaric Chambers are of two kinds: Monoplace and multiplace hyperbaric chambers. Let us look into the features of both.

Monoplace hyperbaric chambers are:

Portable.

Affordable and cheap.

They are generally small in size, and since accessibility to the patient in an ingoing therapy session is rather limited.

There are chances of fire as the highly combustible chambers are sooner to accidents.

Multiplace hyperbaric chambers, on the other hand, have the following characteristics:

Due to the availability of space, an attendant can accompany the patient within the chamber.

In these chambers, oxygen can be administered by an oxygen mask. Therefore, the overall concentration within the chamber can be reduced, and this in turn, limits the possibilities of a fire outbreak.

However, patients run the risk of getting infected when one or more patients are treated simultaneously with someone who has an ulcerous sore, or viral infection.

More often than not, doctors state that hyperbaric treatment is effective the most when the therapy is conducted at the earliest possible opportunity following diagnosis. This may be slightly problematic in the case of patients who are immobile and paralyzed, as they will have to travel over long distances to reach a treatment facility where HBOT therapy is conducted. In such cases, a personal hyperbaric chamber solves a lot of problems. These monoplace chambers are available at an affordable price, and can be easily handled as the control systems are not very complicated. The therapy can continue from 45 to 300 minutes, and patients may be required to undertake as many as forty sessions before any positive changes can be noticed. Facilities for mechanical ventilation and resuscitation are also available along with these chambers.

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Autism Spectrum Disorder – An Overview

Autism is a disorder where all the different parts of the brain fail to coordinate simultaniously. As a result, the individual suffering from the disorder is not able to relate to others in a proper manner. It is basically a disorder that is inherited.

The causes of the Autism Spectrum Disorder are not yet clear. Few are of the opinion that it may be due to the vaccines that children take when they are small. The symptoms usually come into sight by the time a child is 3 years. One of the most predominant of all characteristics is that a toddler does not start speaking at the normal age and speech development is delayed as compared to the other children. Deafness is another classical symptom.

Behavior that is visible in a repetitive manner, for instance, a child may build up the habit of patting his own head with the hand or develop some other peculiar interest in different objects. Also, if he is asked not to repeat the same kind of behavior, he usually becomes upset which is reflected in his resentment. The symptoms may range from mild to severe.

Less than normal level of intelligence is another symptom associated with autism Spectrum Disorders aside from depression and anxiety and epilepsy on certain occasions.

Areas of a child's life that are affected

Generally speaking, three areas of a child's life are affected. Since Autism is known to occur in a variety of forms, hence the name. These are –

1. Communication both verbal as well as non verbal.

2. Social interaction.

3. Interests and Behavior

Treating Autism Spectrum Disorder

Behavioral training is one of the main measures that medical practitioners take to resort. Social skills are taught to children. They are also taught how to communicate with their peers and family. Speech therapy as well as physical therapy is also included in the treatment. OCD or Obsessive compulsive disorder is also one condition that is diagnosed in children with autism.

The type of treatment that is given to a particular child depends on a great extent on the symptoms of the child. As a parent, you too can take a few steps to help your child out. These are the following ways. 1. Take your child to relatives who have similar problems. Make the two children communicate with each other. 2. Plan outings with the entire family. 3. When your child attains teenage, you can seek assistance of another person who can take care of your child in case you are not able to give time.

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An Overview of Autism Information and Symptoms

Autism is often described as a sort of neuro-developmental crisis. The classical autism symptoms often are related with an assortment of other symptoms and are together called autism spectrum disorder or (ASD). Autistic disorder is the most severe of these disorders. According to a survey, around 1 to 2 persons in every 1000 are reported to be autistic. In addition to this, it has been found out that males are four times more prone to develop the symptoms than females. According to estimation, there are 500000 people with ASD in the most developed countries like the United Kingdom.

The causes of autistic spectrum disorder are not clearly understood. However, experts believe that genetics play a constant role. For example, if one sibling of a twin has autism, the other has more than 90% chance of developing the disorder. In some cases, brain injury during birth has also been identified as the cause of autism.

Recent research suggests that disruption of the brain during the early stages of foetal developmental is probably the main cause of autism. This disorder is not related in any way with parental practices.

It is diagnosed by the presence of three different classes of symptoms. These include low levels of social interaction, low levels of development of communication skills and repetitive or restricted behavior patterns. Self injury is also not uncommon.

The early symptoms of autism are generally not noticed by parents at about the time a child reaches two years of age, though the symptoms can begin to manifest as early as six months. Sometimes, the child develops normally for the first few months and then begins to regress and show signs. Even as a baby, an autistic child will display marked lack of social interaction. Normal pointing and babbling at the age of 1 year fails to develop. The child does not respond to names and does not respond to smiling or social contact. Instead, the child exhibits poor eye contact and may show obsessive behavior with toys or other objects.

As the child grows up, the symptoms become more and more pronounced. They fail to socialize normally or to make friends. Instead, they seem obsessively occupied with certain objects. They fail to initiate or to hold up conversations and their pattern of language use is either repetitive or unusual. They become extremely pre-occupied with the routine while there is very little imaginative or social play.

Once these symptoms begin to appear, it is necessary to take the child to specialized health care professionals to diagnoseose if he is autistic. A multidisciplinary team is required to conduct a number of tests including neurological tests, cognitive tests and language tests to confirm whether the child has autism or not.

Last, but not the least, there are professionals engaged in providing specialized treatment. Here, it would be advised to conduct a thorough research in order to select a right practitioner in this sphere. Make sure the medical practitioner you choose, can help you with the right advice and results.

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Digital Medicine Platform for Treatment of Cognitive Disorder

Akili, a pioneer in the therapeutic prescription digital medicine has successfully completed it's $ 55 million financing Series C trial of medicine. This funding follows a successful trial, including study, developing and testing a novel digital medicine named AKL- T01. This flagellation product of Akili aims to treat a type of cognitive disorder- attention deficit / hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Once approved and launched commercially, it would be the first digital and standalone therapeutic medicine for ADHD. Company's other product in the pipeline and research, AKL-T02 will treat autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or what simply known as autism.

Autism referers to another type of cognitive disorder, particularly in children, making them difficult to interact socially. The repetitive behavior and underdeveloped speech and verbal communication render them vulnerable in society. The reason behind autism could be genetic as well as environmental impact.

The above news has brought in a new ray of hope for an autism patient where there is no specific traditional medicine is available for its cure. This new development has the potential for treating this disorder, probably with more efficiency.

This funding will also help to advance products in the pipeline for treating multi sclerosis (MS) and depression. After approval by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), it will be commercially launched for the patients. According to Akili AKL-T01 would be a standard treatment for ADHD.

The company's founder and CEO Eddie Martucci is quite happy with the response of investors and welcomed the financing. He said this financing indications faith of people in his company's potential in digital medicines and growth. According to him, the company will continue to grow and supply novel solutions in the redefined healthcare sector.

Akini Interactive is a company who believes in transforming healthcare through its digital therapies medicine solving Neuro-cognitive disorders. It believes in targeting specific cognitive area or nerve which has been suppressed by the dysfunction. The treatment includes, interestingly, not any pill, but customized action video games for patients to play.

Video games are designed by neuroscientists and entertainer engineered with algorithms to treat a cognitive disorder like depression. According to the company, highly-interactive and highly engaging games provide a therapeutic experience to patients that actually benefit them. Through high-end therapeutics interactive video games, the specific regions of the brain could become functional which has been suppressed by the disorder, improving the condition of the patient. There would be second by second tracking of patient's cognitive response and data available for any improvement in the patient's condition.

AKL- T01 if approved by the FDA and then it would certainly indicate towards the acceptance of new healthcare solutions for patients. It has the capability to transform the whole healthcare process and system in coming years. This funding will boost the confidence of other investors, which are planning to invest or come together for such digital medicine research and development in the future and those patients who are searching for new areas to treat disorders like autism could be more than happy to read such positive news.

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CAMH Study Reveals Novel Insights Into Brain Networks in People With Autism

Autism is somewhat complex disruption in neurological system which lasts for life and impairs person's ability of interaction and communication. More than 1 in every hundred people are affected by autism. Autism is classified as a chronic disease. There are different types of autism possible due to differences in environmental and genetic combinations.

The study and understanding of brain networks have immense potential to throw light on how does innovation develop with time. This will also help in finding the right treatment for autism.

Dr. Dickie, the leading author of this study and a CAMH scientist has suggested different autism across children who show different impairments. He put forward an explanation for this that there are differences in the functioning of brain networks, either a common or similar diagnosis. There is an increasing awareness among researchers that possibly different subtypes of autism exist due to differences in the brain biology, as quoted by autism expert and clinician-scientist Dr. Ameis, working at the institute of mental health and research at CAMH. CAMH developed a new approach which has been published in the biological psychiatry, which provides a better and efficient way for the examination of the whereabouts of brain networks of the individuals with greater precision.

Different regions of the brain are connected by brain networks, which send signals across the pathways for some specific functions like attention or vision. These networks are located at roughly in the same regions of everyone's brain. The brains of any two individuals suffering from autism when compared, are found to be different from one another. The difference is less pronounced when brains of any two individuals not suffering from autism are compared. The greatest variation in the location of network was found to be in the attention networks of the brain. In other words, people suffering from autism rather have a more pronounced spatial layout of brain networks than people not suffering from autism.

Dr. Dickie's Findings

Dr. Dickie stated that they have developed new ways of visualization of the brain's organization. The team used a new approach called PINT. Using this approach, the position of 6 brain networks of individual were mapped in order to ensure accurately the location of these networks instead of relying on approximate position. The new approach of PINT has also been applied to obtain a functional MRI scan to study brain of an individual in the 'resting state', that is, not doing anything in the MRI scanner. It was earlier suspected by the scientists that there is disconnectivity or very weak long ranging connections between certain brain areas of people suffering from autism. After the application of personalized mapping of the brain, the evidence for disconnectivity dropped.

The study rather suggested that brain networks, which are associated with attention may not just be disconnected, but may be completely displaced among people suffering from autism. Clinical trials of high profile for individuals suffering from autism spectrum disorder which has recently been carried out, showed no therapeutic effect as stated by Dr. Ameis. This new study has recently been made available publicly and now can be applied in brain function studies in autism in order to account for displacement in brain network.

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