- Obsessional interests, for example only wanting to play with toy cars
- Limited development of language skills
- Limited social interaction
- Sensory sensitivities, such as certain food textures or sensations
- Require routine so that they can transition between tasks smoothly
- Good rote learning / memorizing skills
- Concrete and literal thinking rather than abstract
- Visual thinking style (90% visual, 10% auditory)
- Difficulty learning categories (they do not use words to categorize, categorize visually)
- Shifting attention frequently and getting bored of an activity quickly
- Difficulty attending to multi sense information; for example they dislike eye contact because can not attend to what someone is saying if they are also looking at them
- Difficulty sustaining attention if there is a lack motivation, however if motivation is there they can maintain attention for a long time.
- Difficulty understanding that words have multiple meanings
- Difficulty understanding that things may have multiple labels
- Use pronouns interchangeably, can not understand changes
- May carry out tasks without understanding the meaning
- Difficulty recognizing facial expressions and how to respond to these expressions.
- Difficulty generalizing social skills, for example if the child is taught how to use empathy when a friend is sad, he may not know how to use empathy when a friend is angry or stressed.
There are many ways that parents and health professionals can support a child with autism so he / she can reach full potential. This involves working with the child's learning style so that the child can understand what is happening in the world around him / her and how to respond.